What do your hormones do to you? How to fight dry skin, stretch marks and spots? What you need, in addition to proper nutrition, is enough walks, rest and sleep
On the day of conception in the woman’s body, there are hormonal changes that allow the fetus to develop unimpededly in the womb. But these changes visibly change the appearance of the future mother, which necessarily affects her skin.
After all, when it comes to weight gain, the biggest changes occur in the skin itself, especially in the subcutaneous fatty tissue. Properly it is possible, fortunately, or to a significant extent to alleviate, or completely eliminate undesirable changes.
Hormonal changes are primarily seen in the level of female sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone), while slightly less changes in the work of the thyroid gland and adrenal glands.
ach pregnant woman will notice that under the influence of hormonal changes, her skin becomes more tender, more sensitive and susceptible to the irritation of external factors that she did not respond to before pregnancy.
First of all, the skin becomes dry, sometimes so dry and rough to create a feeling of discomfort. Due to dryness and excessive stretching, skin itching (pruritus) can develop, which can sometimes be uncomfortable, interfere with sleep and normal life. Because of the scratch
Why is the skin so dry? Because female hormones reduce the secretion of the sebaceous glands. On the other hand, thyroid hormones boost stimulation of sweating and loss of water through the skin.
And nails become brittle and fragile. Pregnant women, especially mothers, often complain of increased hair loss and the loss of her shine. These are all manifestations of iron deficiency, vitamins and minerals.
Because of the increased work of adrenal glands, changes are created that reduce the defenses of the organism and the skin itself. Because of this, various skin infections can occur with bacteria and fungi.
The most difficult problem is certainly the stomach that every other woman is “causing” in pregnancy. In an effort to adapt to the increase in the volume of individual organs, but also under the influence of hormones, the compensatory mechanisms of the skin relax and breaks the connective fibers (elastic and collagen) that ensure the structure and elasticity of the skin.
In their place, new fibers are created which are thinner and uneven. Due to stretching, the skin that covers these areas becomes thinner. Stretch marks appear – red-purple furrows, in fact, scars that remain for the rest of their lives.
Stretch marks are especially visible on the skin of the abdomen, breast and hips. At first, they are purple-red, and later they become whitish-silver. In addition to hormones and stretching of the skin, their appearance is influenced by the age of pregnant women, the quality of her collagen and the increase in the mass of the subcutaneous fatty tissue.
Of the other changes, it should be noted enhanced pigmentation of the skin of the face (especially in dark women), in the area of the nipples and the central abdomen, as well as the tension and blonde traces of the skin veins on the breasts.
Because of all this, the pregnant woman needs to nourish her skin in a completely new way. She needs to tidy up – in addition to proper nutrition, enough walks, rest and sleep, important hygiene and care of the skin of the entire body.
The basic principles of proper skin care during pregnancy
1. Avoid excessive showering with soaps that do not sufficiently moisten the skin.
2. Use soap or shampoo containing fat and provide the skin with sufficient moisture.
3. After bathing avoid excessive physical rubbing of the skin, as it leads to irritation of the skin, which in dark-skinned persons can result in increased pigmentation, but anyway pigmentation of the skin prone.
4. Thoroughly dry the skin with a soft towel. If the drying is not thorough, the water that remains on the surface evaporates and causes rapid dehydration.
5. After drying, apply a skin care product that gives moisture. These are preparations that contain urea and alpha hydroxy acid.
Treatment against stretch marks
Treatment of stretch marks should begin already in the first days of pregnancy. The treatment is carried out with preparations that contain skin-based alpha-hydroxycin-based moisturizers, elastomeric elastomer-regulating preparations, vasoprotective complex containing silicone, vitamin B5, and softening oils, give it the flexibility and elasticity, and enable them to resist stretching .
Creams with these ingredients should be gently rubbed with circular movements in the skin of parts prone to the emergence of striae (belly, breast, hips), in the morning and evening.
Treatment should continue for one month after delivery. It is important to note that in the post-delivery period, before each breastfeeding, the breast skin should be well cleaned from this preparation. The preparation is never applied to breast nipples.
Care of his breast
Breast changes last throughout pregnancy during breastfeeding. Changes in pigmentation normalize a few months after delivery and do not require any special therapy.
But in order to maintain the elasticity of breast skin, daily massage is required. It is performed by circular movements from the outside of the breast to the inside, avoiding the warts.
The massage is used for simultaneously treating the preparations enriched with elastin, silicone, escina and marigold regulators.
It is also necessary to carry out daily exercises for breast muscles that hold the breasts. The exercise is carried out so that the folded palms lift up to the level of the shoulders, take a deep breath, firmly palm the palms one next to the other, hold the breath for three seconds and then exhale with the relaxation of the palms.
This exercise should be performed in the morning and in the evening for fifteen minutes.
Fat tissue and flaky skin
During pregnancy there is an increased production of subcutaneous fat tissue due to the action of the hormone. In this way, nature has taken care that, in the event of a lack of food, the mother’s organism has energy depots, thus enabling survival for both the mother and the child. That’s why the body will not return to form immediately before pregnancy. But do not bother with a diet for weight loss. Lactation requires a lot of energy.
But after a birth, the skin may look relaxed and less firm, especially on the stomach, breast, thighs and hips. To strengthen and solidify, rub a gel containing elastomeric (elastoregulatory) substances and active ingredients with drainage properties (genistein and sofora japonica) and thus help drainage of fat from the subcutaneous fat tissue, thus preventing the formation of a new one.